Uighurs in exile fear spread of coronavirus in China's internment camps
Relatives of detainees worry that conditions in the camps could spell disaster if the virus takes hold
Published onThu 13 Feb 2020 13.22 AEDT
Members of China’s Uighur minority living in exile are sounding the alarm over the risk of the coronavirus spreading in camps inside the country, where it is believed up to a million people are being detained.
So far, official figures released by Chinese state media give no major cause for concern in the north-eastern region of Xinjiang that is home to the Uighurs, a Muslim minority who speak a Turkic language.
It is far from the epicentre of the outbreak and just 55 cases have been reported in the region so far. The first patients to fully recover in the region have already left hospital, according to official media.
“People are starting to panic. Our families are there, dealing with the camps and the virus, and we do not know if they have enough to eat or if they have masks,” said Dilnur Reyhan, a French sociologist of Uighur origin.
A petition posted on Change.org signed by more than 3,000 people has called for the closure of the camps to reduce the threat posed by holding so many people in close proximity.
“We must not wait until news of hundreds of coronavirus-related deaths in the camps before we react,” the petition says. “As China continues to struggle to contain the virus in Wuhan, we can easily assume the virus will rapidly spread throughout the camps and affect millions if we don’t raise the alarm now.”
Social media campaigns have been started, under hashtags such as #VirusThreatInThecamps and #WHO2Urumqi to urge the World Health Organization (WHO) to send a delegation to Xinjiang.
On Thursday, China’s death toll rose sharply to 1,359, with nearly 15,000 new cases reported, taking the total number of confirmed cases to just under 60,000. The vast majority of cases are in Hubei province, the centre of the outbreak.
The virus spreads from person to person through droplets disseminated by sneezing or coughing, and confining large groups of people together, possibly without adequate access to sanitation measures, will increase the likelihood of an outbreak.
China has rounded up an estimated one million Uighurs and other mostly Muslim ethnic minorities in internment camps, NGOs and experts say, and little is known about the conditions inside them.
Beijing insists the camps re “vocational training centres” necessary to combat terrorism.
Regional authorities in Xinjiang did not respond to a query from AFP about measures taken to prevent the spread of the virus in the camps.
The World Uyghur Congress (WUC), one of several groups representing Uighurs outside China, said it was very concerned that if measures were not taken to further limit the spread of this virus, it could rapidly infect large numbers of people in Xinjiang.
“These people are in a vulnerable and weakened state due to the Chinese government’s abuses and mistreatment,” said its president Dolkun Isa. “This has just further compounded the suffering of the Uighur people, as our friends and family are now in even greater danger.”
French immunologist Norbert Gualde said it was impossible to say precisely under what conditions the Uighurs and other detainees are living in Chinese camps.
“There are good reasons to think that their detention is synonymous with imposed promiscuity, stress and fear – all circumstances that favour the transmission of a virus between those obliged to remain incarcerated,” he said.