Commentary on Political Economy

Friday 30 April 2021



Grief and anger as Covid victims overwhelm Delhi’s crematoriums

Family members perform last funeral rites at the Ghazipur crematorium. Photograph: Naveen Sharma/Sopa Images/Rex/Shutterstock

As bodies pile up at the Ghazipur crematorium, staff and relatives turn their ire on the Modi government

by  in Delhi

Last modified on Fri 30 Apr 2021 19.41 BST

The bodies came, one after another, after another, after another. So many bodies that the ambulances and trucks carrying them into the crematorium blocked traffic.

In Delhi, a city where someone dies from Covid-19 every four minutes, every day is a battle not just for hospital beds but for a space to say goodbye to the dead with dignity.

The official capacity at the Ghazipur crematorium in east Delhi is 38 bodies, and before the pandemic, only once in living memory had all the funeral pyres been taken in one day. Now, as a deadly second coronavirus wave sweeps the capital, sometimes 150 bodies have already arrived by early morning. The staff have expanded operations into the car park, but its not nearly enough.

In India’s capital, the virus is showing no sign of abating. On Friday morning, Delhi registered another record-breaking 395 deaths, and 24,235 cases. Across India, the total number of new confirmed new cases was 386,693, another global record. Crematoriums are expanding at a rapid pace, attempting to increase capacity to cope with 1,000 cremations a day.

A mass cremation of Covid-19 victims is seen at Ghazipur cremation ground in New Delhi.
So many bodies are being given their late rites here that the air is pungent and sour, thick with the smoke of thousands of recent cremations. Photograph: Naveen Sharma/Sopa Images/Rex/Shutterstock

It is here, among the pyres that get rebuilt every day for the Hindu and Sikh last rites, that the devastation caused by Covid-19 in the capital is most viscerally felt. Most lost their lives because families could not get them a hospital bed, could not get them oxygen. Some got to hospitals only for the hospitals to run out of oxygen.

Sitting on the floor wearing PPE in the sweltering Delhi heat, sobbing into his hands and wiping sweat from his brow, Rakesh Kumar, 36, described how his family had driven to every hospital in Delhi and in the neighbouring city of Noida when his mother, Sumitra Devi, had begun to struggle for breath as her oxygen crashed. But the 56-year-old never got a bed, and she died on Thursday morning.

“We tried so many hospitals but even when her oxygen went down to 40% we could not get her a bed,” said Kumar. “We kept going to hospitals where we were told there was availability of beds but every time, the hospital said they were full. If we could have got her a bed or got her oxygen in time, we could have saved her. But she didn’t even get a chance to survive.”

Like many laying their dead to rest, he was angry. “The government has failed its citizens, why could it not give us the healthcare that we need?” said Kumar.

In his 30 years helping to cremate the dead, Sunil Kumar Sharma, who is the head of Ghazipur crematorium, said he had never imagined such scenes. “So many dead,” he said. “It feels like if this continues, there will be no one left in Delhi.”

India: drone footage shows makeshift mass crematorium in Delhi – video
India: drone footage shows makeshift mass crematorium in Delhi – video

Though there is supposed to be strict protocol on handling the bodies of coronavirus victims, Sharma said hospitals often sent corpses over without any protective wrapping, risking exposing his staff to the virus. Some families, he said, tried to hide that their relative had died of Covid-19.

‘The system has collapsed’: India’s descent into Covid hell Read more

“It’s been terrible here, and very scary,” said Sharma. “We work for 20 hours every day now. I am so tired and my soul feels broken by what is happening. People are now dumping the bodies and running away, so we have to perform the last rites instead so these bodies still have some dignity.”

The crematorium gets through 60 tonnes of wood per day. “At night, I worry about how we will handle tomorrow when more bodies come,” said Sharma. “What if there are just too many for us?”

With so many bodies being given their late rites, the air was pungent and sour, thick with the smoke of thousands of recent cremations. The smoky pyres of the day before were still scattered with some offerings, mangoes and pomegranates and bright orange holy flowers that lie in the ash; specks of life in the remnants of death. And there was grief – grief everywhere.

A woman in a dark green sari whispered prayers softly through the ambulance window, where inside her husband, who died that morning of Covid-19, lay wrapped in protective cloth. She tried to put a set of red bangles on his body, but was gently ushered away by a man in PPE trying to move the body.

Ajay Gupta howled in deep anguish as the body of his brother, JJ Ram, was brought into the crematorium and placed on to the pyre. Ram was finally admitted to hospital last week when he struggled to breathe, and had been making improvements, even video-calling Gupta from his bed. But according to the family, the hospital had run out of oxygen, and Ram had perished.

People wearing PPE carry the body of a family member who died of Covid-19, at Ghazipur cremation ground in New Delhi.
People wearing PPE carry the body of a family member who died of Covid-19, at Ghazipur cremation ground in New Delhi. Photograph: Naveen Sharma/Sopa Images/Rex/Shutterstock

“The staff told us just a couple of days ago he would be fine,” said Gupta. Gupta also fell victim to the ruthless market that has emerged in Delhi for oxygen and drugs such as remdesivir, which are sold to desperate family members at exorbitant prices.

Gupta said he had used every penny he had to buy remdesivir for his brother on the black market for 630,000 rupees (£6,100) – more than 10 times the market price – on instruction of hospital doctors, despite questions over its use in treating Covid-19 patients.

“I feel like everything has been destroyed and a hole has been torn in my heart,” said Gupta, who, like many, turned his ire towards the government of prime minister Narendra Modi. “The central government should be blamed for my brother’s death,” he said.

Narendra Kumar, a 26-year-old ambulance driver who picks up Covid bodies every day from homes and hospitals to bring to the crematoriums, also confirmed that most people he was seeing had died from lack of oxygen. “This is a terrible job,” said Kumar. “I am so scared of infecting my family that I don’t go home any more. At the end of the day I just park my ambulance outside Ganga Ram hospital and sleep there.”

Krishnan Pal, 48, who sold the popular Indian snack pani puri in his Delhi stall, was among those who died after repeatedly being turned away from overloaded hospitals when he was struggling to breathe. His cousin, Kali Charan Kashap, said they had tried every hospital in Delhi, but could not get a bed, so they drove him to Agra, a city in the neighbouring state of Uttar Pradesh. In Agra they were told that there were beds, but that hospitals had no oxygen. As they were driving to Bareilly, another city in Uttar Pradesh, Pal died.

“People are literally dying on the roads because they can’t breathe,” said Kashap, through choking sobs, as the family waited for Pal’s body to arrive from the morgue. “India needs oxygen so I ask this government – where is it?”

Relatives stand next to burning funeral pyres of those who died of coronavirus, at Ghazipur cremation ground in New Delhi.
Delhi’s crematoriums and graveyards will continue to bear the burden of death that shrouds the city every day. Photograph: Naveen Sharma/Sopa Images/Rex/Shutterstock

The political implications of the second coronavirus wave on Modi’s government are becoming apparent. According to the Global Leader Approval Tracker, Modi has suffered an unprecedented six-point drop in popularity in the past week, with his approval rating at its lowest ever – though still high at 67% – and his disapproval rating going up to 28%.

Many believe vaccines are the only long-term way out of India’s coronavirus crisis, but Delhi’s citizens were dealt a blow this week when the local government said plans to open up vaccinations to anyone aged 18 and over from Saturday were being delayed indefinitely because of a lack of supplies. Similar shortages are being experienced across India.

Though the Delhi state chief minister, Arvind Kejriwal, said authorities would make vaccines available “as soon as possible”, several private clinics in Delhi said they were not expecting stocks for at least another month or even two.

So for now, Delhi’s crematoriums and graveyards will continue to bear the burden of death that shrouds the city every day. At Ghazipur, as the sun set and all the pyres were finally assembled, they were set alight at the same time – going up in a fiery roar of heat and pain.

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