Commentary on Political Economy

Monday 19 April 2021


Russia’s Circle of Friends Got Smaller in Eastern Europe

Updated on 
  • Czechs expel 18 Russian embassy staff in unprecedented move
  • Accusations end era of split foreign policy in EU-NATO member
Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin Photographer: Mikhail Klimentyev/AFP/Getty Images

Vladimir Putin may have lost one of his closest allies in Europe as politicians in the Czech Republic are finally uniting against Russia.

By blaming Moscow for a deadly explosion and expelling 18 embassy staffers, leaders in Prague underscored escalating Western concern about Putin’s actions as the U.S. sanctions Russia for hacking and election interference, Russian troops mass on the Ukrainian border and the health of imprisoned dissident Alexey Navalny worsens.

The accusations signal a shift from the divided foreign policy in a country that Russia has used to increase influence among members of NATO and the European Union. While governments in the Czech Republic have traditionally stuck with their allies, the president, Milos Zeman, has been one of Europe’s biggest advocates for closer ties with Moscow and Beijing since coming to power in 2013.

Zeman has wielded his largely ceremonial role to criticize efforts by the U.S. and EU to penalize Putin for Russia’s involvement in the conflict in Ukraine and the poisoning of former Russian agent Sergei Skripal in the U.K. But in a rare act of unity, Zeman took the government’s side against Putin.

“The president has all the information at hand,” presidential spokesman Jiri Ovcacek said on Twitter. “The highest constitutional representatives are acting in coordination.”

Prime Minister Andrej Babis said the government had the president’s “absolute” support.

Diplomats Cast Out

The Czechs ejected 18 diplomats -- an unprecedented number -- after linking Moscow’s GRU intelligence service to the October 2014 explosion at a munitions warehouse in the southeast of the country. The government likened the blast, which killed two workers and caused hundreds to be evacuated from surrounding villages, to the 2018 assassination attempt against Skripal.

Russia rejected the accusations and retaliated by kicking 20 Czech diplomats out of Moscow, a response that has become common in the era of Putin’s expansionist foreign policy. The Czechs’ decision was based on “made-up pretexts,” the Foreign Ministry in Moscow said, accusing Prague of bowing to pressure from Washington.

“In their haste to please the U.S. after the recent American sanctions against Russia, the Czech authorities have even outdone their overseas masters,” the ministry said in a statement.

The Czech Republic has long been a favored partner for Russia, even as sentiment toward Moscow is largely negative among Czechs who blame the Soviet Union for keeping them locked out of western prosperity during four decades of communism.

Foreign Minister Jan Hamacek offered last week to host a summit between Biden and Putin in Prague to ease tensions between the two superpowers, but the chance of that happening now is slim.

“We have to eliminate the growing Russian influence in Czech political, cultural and economic spheres,” Czech Senate President Milos Vystrcil said on Sunday. “Yesterday we found out from the prime minister that these warnings were not in vain.”

The biggest shift that would matter would be with Zeman. He has pushed for more engagement for almost a decade, most recently by calling for more Russian investment and the adoption of its Covid-19 vaccines, which haven’t been approved by EU regulators.

Vaccines, Reactors

The president approved the dismissal of Health Minister Jan Blatny this month after accusing him of letting more people to die from Covid-19 by refusing to use Russian and Chinese vaccines.

The alleged meddling may have a significant business impact as well. While Zeman has been a vocal advocate of Russian companies taking part in the $7 billion expansion of the Dukovany nuclear plant, Czech politicians from both sides of the aisle rushed to say it’s now almost certain that Russia will be excluded from the tender.

Shortly after Babis alleged Russia’s involvement on Saturday, Czech police said they’re searching for two men who were in the country at the time of the deadly explosion in 2014, using Russian passports with names that U.K. police have linked to GRU agents who poisoned Skripal four years later.

“This is a great blow to Czech-Russian relations,” Tomas Pojar, a former Czech diplomat, said by phone. “Russia will now try to defend itself.”

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