Wednesday, 23 September 2020

 

China Still Expanding Xinjiang Re-Education Camps, Report Says

Bloomberg News
  • 14 new facilities built this year despite ‘graduation’ claims
  • Findings could fuel calls to punish Beijing over human rights
Satellite images of a camp that opened in January in Kashgar, shown here during its construction from 2019 to 2020, according to ASPI.
Satellite images of a camp that opened in January in Kashgar, shown here during its construction from 2019 to 2020, according to ASPI. Source: Maxar/Airbus via Google Earth

China is continuing to invest in detention camps in Xinjiang, according to a new research report, findings that could bolster calls to punish Beijing over its human rights practices in the predominately Muslim region.

At least 61 suspected detention facilities showed signs of new construction between July 2019 and July 2020, the Australian Strategic Policy Institute said in a report released Thursday. Some 14 such centers were still under construction this year after Xinjiang authorities said that all detainees had “graduated,” said ASPI, an Australia- and U.S.-backed research institute that has been tracking the camp network for more than two years.

About half of the recently expanded camps had greater security features, suggesting a shift toward more prison-style facilities from lower-security “re-education centers,” the report found. One 100,000-square-meter (1 million-square-foot) camp that opened in January in Kashgar, near the Kyrgyzstan border, is comprised of 13 five-story residential buildings surrounded by a 14-meter (45-foot) high wall.

China Still Expanding Xinjiang Re-Education Camps, Report Says
Satellite images of a camp that opened in January in Kashgar, shown here during its construction from 2019 to 2020, according to ASPI. Source: Maxar/Airbus via Google Earth

In all, ASPI identified 380 suspected detention facilities built since 2017 in the region, which is roughly the size of Alaska and home to an estimated 10 million Turkic-speaking Uighurs. Around 70 camps appear to have been “desecuritized” by removing internal fencing or perimeter walls, the report said, including eight camps that show signs of decommissioning.

“It forces Beijing to confront its propaganda: at first they said there were no camps and that every report of a camp was a lie, then it shifted to saying these camps are necessary and that they were the only way to stop terrorism,” said Nathan Ruser, a lead researcher on the project. “They’re now saying the detentions are over. We can show the enduring construction and growth of this detention regime.”

The findings could fuel calls in the U.S. and Europe for more measures to punish Chinese authorities responsible for Xinjiang and companies that do business there. The Trump administration has already sanctioned 48 Chinese companies and Xinjiang Communist Party chief Chen Quanguo over their ties to a security state that has detained between tens of thousands and “upwards of 1 million” Uighurs, according a UN assessment.

Current and former suppliers to major international clothing brands including Ralph Lauren, Tommy Hilfiger and Nike have been hit by sanctions, while Walt Disney Co. has faced boycott calls for filming part of its live-action “Mulan” film in Xinjiang. French President Emmanuel Macron on Tuesday called on the United Nations to lead a mission to China to inspect human rights practices in the region.

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